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A comparison of acoustic and visual determination of cavitation inception on a model propeller by Mark G. Prestero

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Published by Massachusetts Institute of Technology .
Written in English


  • Naval architecture

Book details:

Edition Notes

ContributionsNaval Postgraduate School (U.S.)
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25410413M

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We propose an acoustic criterion to determine tip vortex cavitation inception. • The acoustic criterion is applicable to both non-nuclei-seeding and nuclei-seeding. • Trend between sound pressure level and cavitation number shows an inverse N-shape. • The reason is attributed to the variable pressure difference and vortex roll-up. • We confirm the key role nuclei distribution plays in cavitation inception Cited by: 9. In this study, two different propellers, A and B, were designed for an oceanographic research ship. Cavitation patterns and radiated noise characteristics of both propellers were investigated by means of model tests in a cavitation tunnel. Also field measurements were performed to compare the radiated noise level of both propellers on full by: 6. The acoustic characterisation is performed considering two hydrophones in significantly different positions (inside the tunnel and in an external tank), typical, for different reasons, of noise measurements in cavitation tunnel; the procedure is based on . To relate these acoustic measurements to cavitation development, the dynamics of the cavitation bubble structures was observed in three Newtonian, optically transparent liquids with significantly different physical properties: water, ethanol, and by:

Propeller cavitation is known as one of measure sources of vibration and noise of ships. Especially, it is important to reduce cavitation noise in designing propellers of the ships such as oceanographic research vessels because they use acoustic instruments and cavitation noise are harmful in using them. Cavitation sources. A challenge in the design of a surface ship is prediction of the onset of cavitation and of its effect on the spectrum of underwater noise as ship speed increases. Cavitation occurs when the pressure in the flow over the rotating propeller drops below the vapour pressure of : R Kinns, N Peake, N Kessissoglou. cavitation will normally be harmless, at the ballast draught the cavitation can become extremely severe. Influence of wake Due to the presence of the hull the flow of water into the propeller disc is never uniform, as can be seen in Figure 8. The contours show lines of constant wake measured normal to a transverseFile Size: KB. cavitation pattern was simulated on blade surfaces and moreover a small extension of tip vortex cavitation was observed. Despite the major improvements in numerical analysis of propeller performance, modelling tip vortex and hub cavitation is not yet satisfactory to estimate the propeller performance in cavitating conditions accurately.

The occurrence of cavitation bubble about 5 times every 2 minutes is distinguished as cavitation inception, which is recognized as the standard criterion. Incipient cavitation number of an orifice plate and its scale effect. The scale effect of incipient cavitation number of an orifice plate is very obvious.   The role of cavitation research in the design of ship propellers and the influence of research on propeller design is reviewed. The historical development of research on bubble cavitation is an example of a lack of communication between research and design. Research on sheet cavitation is starting now and simplifications such as two dimensional cavitation are Cited by: Hsiao and Chahine () studied, on the other hand, the cavitation inception due to the vortex interactions in the case of ducted propulsors and the possibility to scale the tip vortex inception.   Self made Cavitation experiment with a propeller token from a boat model immersed in a small glass cylinder into a low pression bell, interesting images with.